List of Essential Drug

List of Essential Medicine 17th list (Updated March 2011)

The original list of essential medicine is published by WHO in a tabulated form. And categorised with individual categories.

Here is the list of essential medicine/drugs in numbering with alphabatic serial.

  1. abacavir (ABC)
  2. acetazolamide
  3. acetic acid
  4. acetylcysteine
  5. acetylsalicylic acid
  6. aciclovir
  7. albendazole
  8. allopurinol
  9. amidotrizoate
  10. amikacin
  11. amiloride
  12. amiodarone
  13. amitriptyline
  14. amlodipine
  15. amodiaquine
  16. amoxicillin
  17. amoxicillin + clavulanic acid
  18. amphotericin B
  19. ampicillin
  20. anti?D immunoglobulin (human)
  21. antitetanus immunoglobulin (human)
  22. antivenom immunoglobulin
  23. artemether
  24. artemether + lumefantrine
  25. artesunate
  26. artesunate + amodiaquine
  27. ascorbic acid
  28. asparaginase
  29. atazanavir
  30. atracurium
  31. atropine
  32. azathioprine
  33. azithromycin
  34. barium sulfate
  35. BCG vaccine
  36. beclometasone
  37. benzathine benzylpenicillin
  38. benznidazole
  39. benzoyl peroxide
  40. benzyl benzoate
  41. benzylpenicillin
  42. betamethasone
  43. biperiden
  44. bisoprolol
  45. bleomycin
  46. budesonide
  47. bupivacaine
  48. caffeine citrate
  49. calamine
  50. calcium folinate
  51. calcium gluconate
  52. capreomycin
  53. carbamazepine
  54. carboplatin
  55. cefalexin
  56. cefazolin
  57. cefixime
  58. cefotaxime
  59. ceftazidime
  60. ceftriaxone
  61. charcoal, activated
  62. chlorambucil
  63. chloramphenicol
  64. chlorhexidine
  65. chlorine base compound
  66. chloroquine
  67. chloroxylenol
  68. chlorphenamine
  69. chlorpromazine
  70. cholecalciferol
  71. cholera vaccine
  72. ciclosporin
  73. ciprofloxacin
  74. clarithromycin
  75. clindamycin
  76. clofazimine
  77. clomifene
  78. clomipramine
  79. clotrimazole
  80. cloxacillin
  81. coal tar
  82. codeine
  83. condoms
  84. copper?containing device
  85. cyclizine
  86. cyclophosphamide
  87. cycloserine
  88. cytarabine
  89. dacarbazine
  90. dactinomycin
  91. dapsone
  92. daunorubicin
  93. deferoxamine
  94. dexamethasone
  95. dextran 70
  96. diaphragms
  97. diazepam
  98. didanosine (ddI)
  99. diethylcarbamazine
  100. digoxin
  101. diloxanide
  102. dimercaprol
  103. diphtheria antitoxin
  104. diphtheria vaccine
  105. dithranol
  106. docetaxel
  107. docusate sodium
  108. dopamine
  109. doxorubicin
  110. doxycycline
  111. efavirenz (EFV or EFZ)
  112. efavirenz + emtricitabine + tenofovir
  113. eflornithine
  114. emtricitabine (FTC)
  115. emtricitabine + tenofovir
  116. enalapril
  117. ephedrine
  118. epinephrine (adrenaline)
  119. ergocalciferol
  120. ergometrine
  121. erythromycin
  122. estradiol cypionate + medroxyprogesterone acetate
  123. ethambutol
  124. ethambutol + isoniazid
  125. ethambutol + isoniazid + pyrazinamide +rifampicin
  126. ethambutol + isoniazid + rifampicin
  127. ethanol
  128. ethinylestradiol + levonorgestrel
  129. ethinylestradiol + norethisterone
  130. ethionamide
  131. ethosuximide
  132. etoposide
  133. 133.                 factor IX complex (coagulation factors, II, VII,IX, X) concentrate
  134. factor VIII concentrate
  135. ferrous salt
  136. ferrous salt + folic acid
  137. fluconazole
  138. flucytosine
  139. fludrocortisone
  140. fluorescein
  141. fluorouracil
  142. fluoxetine
  143. fluphenazine
  144. folic acid
  145. furosemide
  146. gentamicin
  147. glibenclamide
  148. glucagon
  149. glucose
  150. glucose with sodium chloride
  151. glutaral
  152. glyceryl trinitrate
  153. griseofulvin
  154. Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine
  155. haloperidol
  156. halothane
  157. heparin sodium
  158. hepatitis A vaccine
  159. hepatitis B vaccine
  160. human normal immunoglobulin
  161. hydralazine
  162. hydrochlorothiazide
  163. hydrocortisone
  164. hydroxocobalamin
  165. hydroxycarbamide
  166. hydroxychloroquine
  167. hyoscine hydrobromide
  168. ibuprofen
  169. ifosfamide
  170. imipenem + cilastatin
  171. indinavir (IDV)
  172. influenza vaccine
  173. insulin injection (soluble)
  174. intermediate?acting insulin
  175. 175.                 intraperitoneal dialysis solution(of appropriate composition)
  176. iodine
  177. iohexol
  178. ipratropium bromide
  179. isoflurane
  180. isoniazid
  181. isoniazid + pyrazinamide + rifampicin
  182. isoniazid + rifampicin
  183. isosorbide dinitrate
  184. ivermectin
  185. Japanese encephalitis vaccine
  186. kanamycin
  187. ketamine
  188. lactulose
  189. lamivudine (3TC)
  190. lamivudine + nevirapine + stavudine
  191. lamivudine + nevirapine + zidovudine
  192. lamivudine + zidovudine
  193. levamisole
  194. levodopa + carbidopa
  195. levonorgestrel
  196. levonorgestrel?releasing implant
  197. levothyroxine
  198. lidocaine
  199. lidocaine + epinephrine (adrenaline)
  200. lithium carbonate
  201. lopinavir + ritonavir (LPV/r)
  202. lorazepam
  203. Lugol?s solution
  204. magnesium sulfate
  205. mannitol
  206. measles vaccine
  207. mebendazole
  208. medroxyprogesterone acetate
  209. mefloquine
  210. meglumine iotroxate
  211. melarsoprol
  212. meningococcal meningitis vaccine
  213. mercaptopurine
  214. mesna
  215. metformin
  216. methadone
  217. methotrexate
  218. methyldopa
  219. methylprednisolone
  220. methylthioninium chloride (methylene blue)
  221. metoclopramide
  222. metronidazole
  223. miconazole
  224. midazolam
  225. mifepristone
  226. miltefosine
  227. misoprostol
  228. morphine
  229. mumps vaccine
  230. mupirocin
  231. naloxone
  232. neostigmine
  233. nevirapine (NVP)
  234. niclosamide
  235. nicotinamide
  236. nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)
  237. nifedipine
  238. nifurtimox
  239. nitrofurantoin
  240. nitrous oxide
  241. norethisterone enantate
  242. nystatin
  243. ofloxacin
  244. omeprazole
  245. ondansetron
  246. oral rehydration salts
  247. oseltamivir
  248. oxamniquine
  249. oxygen
  250. oxytocin
  251. paclitaxel
  252. p?aminosalicylic acid
  253. pancreatic enzymes
  254. paracetamol
  255. paromomycin
  256. penicillamine
  257. pentamidine
  258. permethrin
  259. pertussis vaccine
  260. phenobarbital
  261. phenoxymethylpenicillin
  262. phenytoin
  263. phytomenadione
  264. pilocarpine
  265. pneumococcal vaccine
  266. podophyllum resin
  267. poliomyelitis vaccine
  268. polyvidone iodine
  269. potassium chloride
  270. potassium ferric hexacyano?ferrate(II) ?2H20(Prussian blue)
  271. potassium iodide
  272. potassium permanganate
  273. praziquantel
  274. prednisolone
  275. primaquine
  276. procaine benzylpenicillin
  277. procarbazine
  278. proguanil
  279. propofol
  280. propranolol
  281. propylthiouracil
  282. prostaglandin E
  283. protamine sulfate
  284. pyrantel
  285. pyrazinamide
  286. pyridostigmine
  287. pyridoxine
  288. pyrimethamine
  289. quinine
  290. rabies immunoglobulin
  291. rabies vaccine
  292. ranitidine
  293. retinol
  294. ribavirin
  295. riboflavin
  296. rifabutin
  297. rifampicin
  298. ritonavir
  299. rotavirus vaccine
  300. rubella vaccine
  301. salbutamol
  302. salicylic acid
  303. saquinavir (SQV)
  304. selenium sulfide
  305. senna
  306. silver sulfadiazine
  307. simvastatin
  308. sodium calcium edetate
  309. sodium chloride
  310. sodium fluoride
  311. sodium hydrogen carbonate
  312. sodium lactate
  313. sodium nitrite
  314. sodium nitroprusside
  315. sodium stibogluconate or meglumine antimoniate
  316. sodium thiosulfate
  317. spectinomycin
  318. spironolactone
  319. stavudine (d4T)
  320. streptokinase
  321. streptomycin
  322. succimer
  323. sulfadiazine
  324. sulfadoxine + pyrimethamine
  325. sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim
  326. sulfasalazine
  327. suramin sodium
  328. surfactant
  329. suxamethonium
  330. tamoxifen
  331. tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
  332. terbinafine
  333. testosterone
  334. tetanus vaccine
  335. tetracaine
  336. tetracycline
  337. thiamine
  338. thioguanine
  339. timolol
  340. tranexamic acid
  341. triclabendazole
  342. trimethoprim
  343. tropicamide
  344. tuberculin, purified protein derivative (PPD)
  345. typhoid vaccine
  346. urea
  347. valproic acid (sodium valproate)
  348. vancomycin
  349. varicella vaccine
  350. vecuronium
  351. verapamil
  352. vinblastine
  353. vincristine
  354. warfarin
  355. water for injection
  356. xylometazoline
  357. yellow fever vaccine
  358. zidovudine (ZDV or AZT)
  359. zinc sulfate

Download Links for Essential Medicine by WHO:

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Pharmacodynamics

This is the branch of pharmacology which deals with the biochemical and physiological effect of drugs and their mechanism of action.
-Ref: Goodman & Gilman’s, 11th/Page:22

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Clinical Pharmacology

It is a branch of pharmacology which deals with the scientific study of drugs in human for the safe and effective use of drugs.

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Medical Pharmacology

“Medical Pharmacology (Therapeutics) is defined as the science of substances used to prevent, diagnose and treat diseases.”

-Ref: Katzung, 11th/Page:01

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Pharmacology

“Pharmacology can be defined as the study of substances that interact with living systems through chemical processes, especially by binding to regulatory molecules and activating or inhabiting normal body processes.”
-Ref: Katzung, 11th /Page:01

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Ferrous Fumarate and Folic acid

Indication: Iron and Folic acid deficiency.
Dosage & Administration: 1 capsule three to four times daily. In pregnancy 1 capsule daily.
Contraindication & Precaution: Pernicious anaemia.
Side Effect: Gastric distress, abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, allergic reaction.
Drug Interaction: Antacid, Tetracyclines, Penicillamine and Zinc, anticonvulsant drug, Norfloxacin, Ciprofloxacin

and Ofloxacin.
Use in pregnancy and Lactation: There is no contraindication in pregnancy and lactation.
Preparation: (200

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Femotidine

Indication: Duodenal ulcer, Gastric ulcer, Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and zollinger-Ellison syndrome,

Gastritis.
Dosage & Administration: 20 mg twice daily or 40 mg at night Maintenance therapy as Famotack(R) 20 one tablet at

night.
Contraindication & Precaution: Hypersensitivity
Side Effect: Headache, xizziness, constipation and dearrhoea, nausea and/or vomiting, abdominal discomfort or

distention, anorexia, fatigue, rash.
Use in Pregnancy & Lactation: Should be prescribed only if clearly needed. It is best avoided by nursing mothers.
Preparation: 20 mg and 40 mg Tablet.

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Ciclesonide

Indication: Treatment to control persistent asthma in adults (12 years and older).
Dosage and Administration: Starting dose is 160 micrograms once daily which is usually also the maxiumum dose. Dose

reduction to 80 micrograms once daily may be an effective maintenance dose for some patients.
Contraindication: Hypersensitivity to Ciclesonide or any of the excipients.
Side Effect: In the majority of cases, mild and did not require discontinuation of treatment with Cirlesonide.

Systemic effects of inhaled corticosteroids may occur, particularly at high doses prescribed for prolonged periods.
Preparation: 80 Inhaler: 80 mcg of Ciclesonide/puff, 120 puff, 160 Inhaler: 160 mcg of Ciclesonide/puff, 120 puffs.

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Clobetasone Butyrate

Indication: Eczema, dermatitis & otitis externa.
Dosage and Administration: Up to 4 times daily.
Contraindication and Precaution: Skin lesions caused by infection with viruses (e.g. herpes simplex, chiken pox),

fungi (e.g. candidiasis, tinea) or bacteria (e.g. impetigo), hypersensitivity to the preparations. If applied to the

eyelids, care is needed to ensure that the preparation does not enter the eye as glaucoma might result.
Side Effect: Hypersensitivity, transient adrenal suppression, local atopic changes could pigmentation

hypertruchosis, Excerbation of symptoms may occur.
Use in Pregnancy and Lactation: There is inadequate evidence of safety in human pregnancy & lactation.
Preparation: 0.5% Cream and 0.05% Ointment.

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Vitamin C + Vitamin E + Zinc + Copper + Lutein

Indication: Age-related Eye Disease.
Dosage and Administration: One Eyevi(R) capsule, one or two times daily or as directied by the physician.
Contraindication and Precaution: Hyperoxaluria, anticoagulants, estrogens, vitamin-K.
Side Effect: Diarrhea, abdominal pain and other gastrointestinal disturbances; fatigue and weakness.
Preparation: (60 mg + 30 mg + 15 mg + 2 mg + 6 mg)/Capsule.

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